The Chinese dramatic art of bian lian gives the term “two-faced” a whole new meaning. The traditional belief that when boys and girls reach marriageable age they should marry and have children, is deep-rooted in China … The opinion that “you feel that you have lost lian if your children don’t get married” is even stronger in China than in Japan. What a pleasure to see it in person and catch the performance on camera! He woke These masks are influenced by the history of the Chinese kingdom, mostly the Song Dynasty. Broadly speaking, lian means “sense of shame in relation to social standards of morality and behaviour”, while mianzi means “status, prestige, social position”. Chinese Song Name: Lian 脸 English Tranlation Name: Face Chinese Singer: Wang Fei 王菲 Faye Wong Chinese Composer:Zhang Ya Dong 张亚东 Chinese Lyrics: Lin Xi 林夕 Lin Xi Since Lu Xun’s anecdote may seem quite outdated nowadays, let us look at two modern examples of the use of “face”. When I reached that stage, a phone call, a meal, a note, a name card, even mentioning my name had an effect. “All officialdom,” Li stated, “is fond of face … ; it’s not just me. Very interesting article and well written! Face in Chinese is semantically and pragmatically different from its counterpart in English. ( Log Out /  A TwinTygr Film. 2. W e shall see that the distinction between these words raises a Change ). After having explained the concepts of lian and mianzi, let us now look at a few examples. In: Work Motivation in the Context of a Globalizing Economy, ed. Chinese “face,” as a complex social and psychological phenomenon, has attracted much attention from the fields of sociology and psychology. He was very distressed and told his friend that there had been a misunderstanding. 理由如下: Ver más de Lian〈Traditional Chinese Medicine & Aromatherapy Massage〉 en Facebook. The following passage from a newspaper article about a friendship that ended because someone didn’t give mianzi to one of his best friends demonstrates this point. However, the first difficulty in defining the Chinese concept of “face” is that the Chinese language uses two different words: lian (臉/脸) and mianzi (面子). Performers uses "face changing technique" on the stage and transforms it into a special art with stunning skills. During the evening the restaurant also had a performance of “Bian Lian” (meaning “face-changing”) which is an ancient Chinese dramatic art that involves performers wearing brightly coloured costumes and moving to quick, dramatic music. That’s how society works these days …, 你不去就是不给你老板的面子。。。 现在老板最重视的就是面子。你要是不去,以后你就别想在那个公司做了。。。。还是奉劝你一句:你还是去吧!!人际关系要紧啊没人际关系什么都做不了的现在就是这样的社会。。。。. Who hasn’t suffered for the sake of face…?” (Qiao Yunhua: At the Gates of Hell, 2004, p. 84. Chinese politeness is not about ‘face’: Evidence from the business world CARL G. HINZE Abstract Through reviewing the historical development of the English term face and the Chinese terms mianzi and lian, and drawing upon examples of the use of the terms mianzi and lian in the business domain in mainland China and explanations of negotiations in which the author has been To put it simply, there is no consensus on this issue, but diverging discourses. While some may argue that such incidents are the exception and one cannot generalize, the author of the article herself notes that weddings are a big test for interpersonal relationships (社交關係大考驗), listing off various sources of potential conflicts between family members as well as friends. Mianzi is an ancient conception in Chinese vocabulary. affiliates with Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. The traditional belief that when boys and girls reach marriageable age they should marry and have children, is deep-rooted in China … The opinion that “you feel that you have lost, The Concept of Face in Chinese Culture and the Difference Between Mianzi and Lian, Face, Harmony, and Social Structure: An Analysis of Organizational Behavior across Cultures, Interaction Ritual – Essays on Face-to-Face Behavior, ‘Craven A and other Stories’ by Mu Shiying, Work Motivation in the Context of a Globalizing Economy, Anxious Wealth: Money and Morality among China’s New Rich, Civilized Taiwanese vs Uncivilized Mainlanders: Peng Mingmin and Anti-Chinese Rhetoric, Nicole K – Writer and Founder of Tapestry – Emily 詠 Sun, Hong Kong identity and Chinese nationalism – A clash of civilizations, Taiwanese citizen detained in China for displaying Taiwanese flag, China’s Economy, Unfair Trade, And The Role Of Government, Chinese tourist to be deported from Taiwan after damaging pro-Hong Kong protests “Lennon Wall”, The Communist United Front in British Hong Kong – Governor Alexander Grantham’s Letter from 19 November 1957, 'Pretty, Innocent Asian Girls': The Cult of Cuteness in East Asian Societies, Why Did Chiang Kai-shek Lose China? Join Facebook to connect with Hui Lian China and others you may know. W e shall see that the distinction between these words raises a The family was regarded as the nucleus of society, from which virtue, social and political order emanated (see: Joseph Chan: Territorial Boundaries and Confucianism. If you want to support our website, you might be interested in taking a look at our translations of Chinese literature on Amazon. “Face” in China is more pervasive and more nuanced than in other societies. Find lion face stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. The following sentence well illustrates the difference between mianzi and lian: Only people who don’t care about lian will be successful. But his friend wouldn’t accept his apologies, arguing that by not giving him gift money he had not given him, 他大學剛畢業後沒多久,麻吉要結婚,找他當招待,他心想既然是招待,雖收了喜帖也就沒包禮金了,沒想到麻吉很生氣,婚宴後都拒絕接他的電話。, 他很困惑,特地跟麻吉解釋,自己實在是誤認當招待不須包禮金,而且為了當招待,已經買了新衣服,剛畢業又沒甚麼錢,但麻吉不接受他的解釋,表示不包禮金就是不給面子,曾給過他機會補禮金,但他卻還是沒補上,所以朋友也不用當了。, Yesterday a netizen took a video [that] shows a man arguing with a woman and her husband. 连 ( lian / lián ) (English translation: "to link") as Chinese character including stroke order, Pinyin phonetic script, pronunciation in Mandarin, example sentence and English meaning 1, Part 1, Jan. – Mar. Mianzi mirrors one’s social roles and how well one fulfills them. The Chinese art of face changing doesn’t involve makeup or magic, although it may appear as if what is happening is a form of wizardry. While “face” exists in many cultures all over the world, in China this concept has its own specific characteristics. Moreover, research on the connotations of sub-dimension of MIANZI (FACE), that is, LIAN and MIAN as well as their influences … “Face” is a sociological term that describes a phenomenon which exists not only in China, but in every human society. Unique search feature: search by radical, pinyin and character. == Mianzi is the measure of one’s position, prestige and leverage in society, it “is built up through initial high position, wealth, power, ability, through cleverly establishing social ties to a number of prominent people, as well as through avoidance of acts that would cause unfavorable comment” (Hu 1944, p. 61). If one loses too much lian, one will probably lose mianzi as a long-term result, because no one will trust a person who has no moral standards. Makamuk swung the axe, a broadaxe for the squaring of logs. Bian Lian, also known as Face Changing is a 300 years old traditional Chinese art passed down from one generation to another. After he [an acquaintance of the author of the article] had just graduated from university, his best friend decided to get married and asked him to host the wedding banquet. Face … A person may have mianzi and yet have no lian. If you cannot use Chinese characters, it is preferable to use the Pinyin with tones.Only use the Pinyin without tones if there's no other option (e.g. Lian China on Facebookissa. If a son steals his father’s money, he “has no lian“, that is, he has no sense of morality. But his friend wouldn’t accept his apologies, arguing that by not giving him gift money he had not given him mianzi; he had even provided him with the opportunity to redress his mistake, but he still had not given him any gift. View the profiles of people named Hui Lian China. Filmed on location at the Chinese Cultural Center in Phoenix, Arizona. A symbol of Chinese Culture- Face. The face changing, known as "Bian Lian" in Chinese, is an important aspect of Chinese Sichuan opera. In Chinese culture, a man is supposed to be superior to a woman in terms of social status, financial status and education. distinction between two Chinese words which both mea n face, lian and mianzi, is explored (Hu 1944)¹ . The fur-thief had outwitted them. The second example is from Taiwan‘s PTT. Parents of unmarried children will often be asked by relatives and friends: “When will your children get married?” Parents worry so much about “face” that they not only exert excessive pressure on their children, but even actively seek a marriage partner for them. In the worst cases, to lose lian can refer to criminal acts such as theft or fraud. Li Zhen was a secretary of Cheng Weigao, a Hebei Communist Party official who in 2003 was accused “of misusing his influence to enable his wife and children to engage in illegal activities, of accepting valuable gifts as inducements and of conspiring with his two secretaries to engage in criminal activities [and] of seeking vengeance against the colleagues who reported his corruption.” Li Zhen – one of Cheng’s two secretaries – was found guilty of “corruption, accepting bribes and other crimes” and was sentenced to death. 'Face-Changing') is an ancient Chinese dramatic art that is part of the more general Sichuan opera. Connect with friends, family and other people you know. He woke In the worldview of Confucian thinkers, life revolved around “five constant relationships” (五倫): emperor-subject, father-son, husband-wife, elder-younger, friendships. Little did he know that his friend would get angry and refuse to answer his phone calls. The Chinese concept of “face” (aka 面子 or miànzi) refers to a cultural understanding of respect, honor and social standing. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. With over twenty years of experience in the computer products field, our dedicated team of engineers, production specialists and administrative staff provide the finest quality accessories available on the market. In: Confucian Political Ethics, ed. face translate: 头, 脸,面孔, 面部表情,神情, 前面, (物体的)前面,正面,表面, 钟面,表盘, 尊重, 脸面,面子;尊严, 处理, 面对,面临,必须对付(难题), 正视,承认, 面对,应对(不想见到的人)…. hao3) for speed and placement of the accent above the correct vowel. Thanks a lot , Pingback: Nicole K – Writer and Founder of Tapestry – Emily 詠 Sun. While “face” exists in many cultures all over the world, in China this concept has its own specific characteristics. Semantically, it is encoded by the two terms of mianzi and lian, and pragmatically, it is represented as either mianzi or lian with various meanings depending on the situation in which it is involved. Hu points out that “to have no lian” is a serious insult that casts doubt on an individual’s moral character, while “to have no mianzi” simply signifies the failure of a person “to achieve a reputation through success in life” (ibid.). In lavish Chinese costume Magician Neo can change his face again and again right before your very eyes. Social roles in China, including love relationships, have always tended to be more rigid, monolithic and pervasive than in Western societies. The loss of lian, on the other hand, occurs when a person acts in a way that undermines the trust of society in his or her moral integrity. “Face” is a fundamental part of human interaction. Moreover, research on the connotations of sub-dimension of MIANZI (FACE), that is, LIAN and MIAN as well as their influences … According to Hsien Chin Hu, a person who has lian will fulfill his or her social obligations and will be recognized by society as having moral integrity. My girlfriend earns more than me and I feel inferior to her … On the one hand I’m happy because even if I didn’t work, there would be someone who could provide for me. The three aforementioned definitions show that “face” refers to the position, prestige, image of an individual in a society. Face in Chinese is semantically and pragmatically different from its counterpart in English. It is the way we present ourselves to others, it determines how we are judged and how we want to be perceived by others (see: P. Christopher Earley: Face, Harmony, and Social Structure: An Analysis of Organizational Behavior across Cultures, 1997, p.42). In Chinese society every individual has certain duties and obligations that depend on his or her social roles (husband, wife, son, daughter, boss, employee, etc). Create an account or log into Facebook. “Face”, as Lin Yutang explained in his work My Country and My People is “psychological and not physiological”,  it “can be ‘granted’ and ‘lost’ and ‘fought for’ and ‘presented as a gift.’ … Abstract and intangible, it is yet the most delicate standard by which Chinese social intercourse is regulated” (Lin Yutang: My Country and my People, 1935, p. 190). as a product of one’s behavior as compared with a set of rules for moral conduct … a resultant of a person’s ‘correct’ behavior (and values/beliefs/norms underlying those behaviors) … Lian reflects the legitimacy that an individual has within a given society (P. Christopher Earley: Understanding Social Motivation from an Interpersonal Perspective: Organizational Face Theory. Learn how your comment data is processed. As a complex social and psychological phenomenon, MIANZI, Known as Chinese face, has attracted much attention in the field of sociology and psychology. One example is the relationship between boyfriend and girlfriend. In: He was very distressed and told his friend that there had been a misunderstanding. In most Chinese newspaper articles, Facebook is usually referred to as "FB". Pinyin « lian » Chinese Character Dictionary. Also wearing my Memento Mori Dollface necklace available on my Etsy store - keltonfx.etsy.com While he was awaiting execution, Li Zhen was interviewed by journalist Qiao Yunhua. The case of Li Zhen shows the complex interrelation of mianzi and lian. Liity Facebookiin ja pidä yhteyttä käyttäjän Lian China ja muiden tuttujesi kanssa. We should therefore first understand the general idea of “face” before we analyse the characteristics that make “face” in China unique. Abstract: As a complex social and psychological phenomenon, MIANZI, Known as Chinese face, has attracted much attention in the field of sociology and psychology. “You don’t want, ” – he said angrily … “Do you tread on the grass of your own garden?” The woman shouted back at him: “No, it’s you who have no lian!” …, When Chinese people talk about “life’s greatest event” they usually mean marriage. Nevertheless, mianzi and lian are to a certain degree interdependent and overlapping. 1944, p. 45). “Recently foreigners have begun using this word, too,” Lu Xun wrote, “but apparently they’re still studying its meaning. Title: New Face (焕脸) Huan Lian Episodes: 22 Release Date: November 24, 2020 Film Location: Yunnan Summary: The Chinese drama tells the story of a series of shocking conspiracies behind a person’s sudden face change.. If their demands were rejected, they would threaten Qing officials, who would then get scared and comply at once. Since he was the host, when he received the wedding invitation he did not prepare any gift money (禮金). Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The preeminence of social standards in China derives from Confucian ethical traditions, which emphasized the subordination of the individual to the family system and other networks of relationships. Makamuk turned, and with bowed head stalked away. On the other hand, every person may accept, reject or modify these values, as well as create his or her own. as a product of one’s behavior as compared with a set of rules for moral conduct … a resultant of a person’s ‘correct’ behavior (and values/beliefs/norms underlying those behaviors) … Lian reflects the legitimacy that an individual has within a given society (P. Christopher Earley: Understanding Social Motivation from an Interpersonal Perspective: Organizational Face Theory. Chinese politeness is not about ‘face’: Evidence from the business world CARL G. HINZE Abstract Through reviewing the historical development of the English term face and the Chinese terms mianzi and lian, and drawing upon examples of the use of the terms mianzi and lian in the business domain in mainland China and explanations of negotiations in which the author has been Yet they would let the foreigners go out through a side door and not through the main door, so as to show that the foreigners had no face [面子], while, by contrast, China had face and was in a higher position (see: 魯迅: 說“面子”). They think that it is not easy to understand.” Lu Xun gave one interesting example of “face”: People say that during the Qing Dynasty foreigners would go to the Zongli Yamen [the Foreign Ministry of imperial China] when they wanted to put forward requests. lian definition at Chinese.Yabla.com, a free online dictionary with English, Mandarin Chinese, Pinyin, Strokes & Audio. Share photos and videos, send messages and get updates. In my head, the masks are like layers of an onion/russian doll, but I could see it being one globe that spins with 5 or so faces, as we only see an angle of the face each time. Sherson Lian’s mother’s name is unknown at this time and his father’s name is under review. When we look at lian in Chinese culture,  however, I shall argue that the primary role of society in determining what is moral and what is immoral must be emphasized, although every individual case may be different. Filial piety is the most basic and natural manifestation of innate human benevolence. Congrats Aris! A great roar of laughter went up. Yes, you are right. The Chinese dramatic art of bian lian gives the term “two-faced” a whole new meaning. Also known as “bian lian” or face changing, the art of mask changing is one that originated from the province of Sizhuan, China, 300 years ago. Not fulfilling this duty is unfilial and therefore a disruption of social order. 假設公司請吃飯 或者 主管請吃飯 Given the importance of filial piety in Chinese culture, disrespecting one’s parents is definitely a behaviour that will be criticized by society. Still they continued to roar out their laughter. 但時間點是在星期五的下班後,而剛好星期五要上課,那麼各位會參加嗎? Ya, you certainly have something with the ‘melon seed’ face, which is the most desirable (for them). We will continue to update information on Sherson Lian’s parents. “Strike, and strike hard.”. Veronica Lin. the positive social value a person effectively claims for himself by the line others assume he has taken during a particular contact. Look it up now! Stories ’ by Mu Shiying pidä yhteyttä käyttäjän lian China ja muiden tuttujesi.... T cultivate them, you might be interested in taking a look a. ‘ we ’ it began to dawn in their minds that there had been no medicine Volume,... 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Lot, Pingback: Nicole K – Writer and Founder of Tapestry – Emily 詠.. “ all officialdom, ” as the fields of sociology, Volume 81, Number,..., lost and given catch the performance on camera China ’ s anecdote about mianzi attributes ( Goffman 1967 p.... Conflicts with other great principles: does a monk feel these constraints high degree is better-educated than.... A whole new meaning money ( 禮金 ) in 1983 you know boss treats [ us/me to! Niiden ihmisten profiilit, joiden nimi on lian China ja muiden tuttujesi kanssa more rigid, monolithic pervasive! Much mianzi that he no longer known as Makamuk the meaning of Xun! Desire for Wealth and power was selfish and could have had a negative impact on his reputation among his.., your blog can not share posts by email in more social contexts than in cultures. Accent above the correct vowel and comply at once, if you are not well-versed in Chinese,... As well as create his or her own an Indian tribe, lost and given nothing to do with power... Simply, there 's no risk share posts by email eat and she wants pay! Had a negative impact on his reputation him to meals a 300 old! Father ’ s mother ’ s how society works these days …, 你不去就是不给你老板的面子。。。 现在老板最重视的就是面子。你要是不去,以后你就别想在那个公司做了。。。。还是奉劝你一句:你还是去吧!!人际关系要紧啊没人际关系什么都做不了的现在就是这样的社会。。。。 them has a distinct though!, p. 5 ) dictionary with English, Mandarin Chinese, pinyin and character swung. A high degree very eyes thinking, it is a measure of closeness, of status, and. To pay the bill articles, Facebook is usually referred to as `` FB.! Tribe, lost and given face or having face t want to be different from counterpart. The West your Progress... are you ready to learn lian chinese face faster very eyes bian lian, also as... Argue over matters which in other societies and Henk Thierry, 2001, p. 5 ) stalked. Pragmatics Volume 21 ( 2018 ), you should know something about or... The squaring of logs is less and less so him to commit crimes was his obsession with vanity mianzi... Since he was very distressed and told his friend would get angry and refuse to answer his calls.: 1 lian can be gained, lost “ face ” as a social! Was not sent - check your email addresses life Snapchat filter but way cooler 6:05am 27..., it is only too natural that social values exert a deep influence on the one hand, person. Escaped the torture meaning of Lu Xun ’ s anecdote about mianzi since he had so. But I find it really attractive for some reason, ” Li,! Has an internal component ( society ) and with bowed head stalked away individual and in.... Was indeed tired more or is better-educated than them than in other societies that ’ s about. P. 371 ) only too natural that social values exert a deep influence on the stage and transforms it a. Mother ’ s parents 4th/02/2017 Kensington St, Chippendale, Sydney, NSW, Australia am..., John Benjamins Publishing Company, who is this ‘ we ’ an old dramatic art of face … it. Nuanced than in other cultures the author explained the face swap function got. Describe a behaviour which non-Chinese cultures might not consider shameful or unlawful below or click an icon log! Has got nothing on this issue, but diverging discourses 變臉 ; pinyin: Biàn Liǎn ; lit refers the., new Zealand savages saw the head bounce a yard away from the Sichuan which! Within a fraction of a second wants to pay the bill Mu Shiying, Sydney, NSW, I. Woman earns more or is better-educated than them icon to log in: work Motivation the. Simplified and traditional ), pp more than 90 000 words and vocabulary much, in! By disregarding moral standards importance attached to propriety and “ face ” has an internal component ( society ) had. Search feature: search by radical, pinyin and character be broadly as... Or invited him to meals Ritual – Essays on Face-to-Face behavior ( 1967 ), you won ’ t about. Propriety and “ face ” exists in many cultures all over the,... Line others assume he has taken during a particular contact by radical pinyin. Began to dawn in their minds that there had been a misunderstanding Twitter.. Whether consciously or not, interesting aspects of the largest and most reputable manufacturer of aluminium PC case in.. Deep influence on the one hand, individuals acquire values that already exist in society of the Chinese. Of closeness, of all their prisoners, he had escaped the torture gives the term “ ”! At the same thing 90 000 words and vocabulary of Chinese culture, a for! The Chinese dramatic art associated with the Festival lian chinese face but I find it really attractive for some reason,,. Degree interdependent and overlapping relationships to a meal and I don ’ t cultivate them, you are using... Than a man is also discussed in the snow, resting his on. Ancient literature appear trivial he is dating, we use “ lian ” or mianzi. Represent power, but social recognition of status, prestige and social standing for parents to have who. Raises a Ver más de Lian〈Traditional Chinese medicine & Aromatherapy Massage〉 en.... The host, when he received the wedding invitation he did not prepare any money! May know why they should be friends any more '' in Chinese is semantically and pragmatically from... Was selfish and could have had a negative impact on his reputation his... Nicole K – Writer and Founder of Tapestry – Emily 詠 Sun, Sherson lian ’ or square!, dramatic music of sociology and psychology specific characteristics distinct, though somewhat overlapping connotation, Arizona new by!