Battle of Front Royal map.png 1,614 × 1,609; 1.5 MB. 10:00am living history demonstrations will begin at the […] A little before 2 p.m. on May 23rd, as the advance began and the firing started, a young woman came “…running like mad down from the hill on our right…gesticulating wildly to us.” Stopping and gasping for breath,, this woman – Belle Boyd (see sidebar) – spoke briefly to two of Jackson’s staff officers, Sandie Pendleton and Kyd Douglas. Col. John R. Kenly commanded 1,063 men and two guns at Front Royal. “Tell him to charge right down, and he will catch them all.”The Battle of Front Royal The Confederate First Maryland engaged the Union First Maryland in a decisive battle that completely surprised the Union general Nathaniel Banks , whose forces were camped just 10 miles to the west in Strasburg. The Battle of Front Royal Driving Tour Foes in War, Friends in Peace Battle of Front Royal May 23, 1862 Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862 FOLLOW THIS SIGN TO ALL BATTLE OF FRONT ROYAL SITES ¨¨¨ Col. John R. Kenly First Maryland, USA Belle Boyd “Siren of the South” Col. Bradley T. Johnson First Maryland, CSA Gen. T.J. Jackson “Stonewall” William Taylor would earn the Medal of Honor for his actions during the attempt), cutting off pursuit, but the fires were soon extinguished. pin. “She was a young woman of some personal beauty and a skilled rider of spirited horses. In an effort to destroy Banks and sever his line of supply and communication along the Manassas Gap Railroad, Jackson determined to strike Banks’ eastern flank at Front Royal defended by approximately 1,000 men commanded by Marylander Col. John R. Kenly. Battle of Front Royal Warren County May 23, 1862 Outcome: Confederate Victory At the Battle of Front Royal, Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson surprised and destroyed an isolated Union garrison, unhinging the Federal defenses in the Valley – and forcing the Union force at Strasburg to race north to avoid being cut off. Once on Guard Hill, Kenly sent some of his men back to burn the bridges, but they were only partially successful, and Confederate soldiers were able to douse the flames. Jackson’s victory at Front Royal placed Banks in a difficult position. 2. Principal Commanders: Colonel John Kenly [US] Major General Thomas Jackson [CS] Following his victory at McDowell on May 8, 1862, Stonewall Jackson returned his army to the Shenandoah Valley and set his sights on Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks’ command, which defended a line from Strasburg to Front Royal. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Confederates scored a major victory and threatened to position themselves between the Federals in the Shenandoah Valley and Washington. In 1856, at the age of twelve, she was sent to Baltimore’s Mount Washington Female College, a girls’ finishing school, graduating four years later. This would be the only time in the Civil War when regiments from the same state - and with the same regimental designation - would face each other in battle. Jackson, with more than 3,000 men, overwhelmed Kenly, with about 1,000 men, with relative ease, and the victory opened the door to a Confederate march on Winchester twenty miles to the north. The first problem they faced was Ewell’s orders from their superior, General Joseph Johnston, directing Ewell to leave and Valley and bring his division to Richmond. This time the Federals retreated some two miles north to Cedarville, but when Flournoy’s troopers pursued, hitting Kenly’s Marylanders on both flanks, the Federal soldiers panicked, and Kenly’s line collapsed. #1 Battle of Front Royal Military Conflict Updated: 2020-04-07 The Battle of Front Royal, also known as Guard Hill or Cedarville, was fought May 23, 1862, in Warren County, Virginia, as part of Confederate Army Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Stonewall Jacksons Campaign through the Shenandoah Valley during the American Civil War. At the Battle of Front Royal, Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson surprised and destroyed an isolated Union garrison, unhinging the Federal defenses in the Valley – and forcing the Union force at Strasburg to race north to avoid being cut off. 3. There he united with troops under Gen. Richard Ewell and hurried north with the combined force. But one thing was certain – he had to get out of Strasburg, and that evening the retreat began – to Winchester. The Battle of Front Royal (VA) - Duration: 2:33. THE BATTLE AT FRONT ROYAL. Hosted by Town of Front Royal, Virginia. The Shenandoah Valley Battlefields National Historic District is a non-profit organization. All told, the battle for Front Royal cost Banks about 900 casualties–750 prisoners, 32 killed and 122 wounded–and Jackson only 36, mostly from Flournoy’s cavalry. On May 21, 1862, the Union army under Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, numbering about 9,000 men, was concentrated in the vicinity of Strasburg, Virginia, with two companies of infantry at Buckton Depot. Media in category "Battle of Front Royal" The following 21 files are in this category, out of 21 total. N&W 1218, Alexandria to Front Royal VA, September 1991 - Duration: 4:45. Saturday, May 7, 2016 at 1:00 PM EDT. Tours Battle of Front Royal Driving Tour Sun, Mar 22, 2015 - Thu, Dec 31, 2020 F riday, May 23, 1862 was clear and intensely hot. Nor was she wanting in energy, dash and courage. Wes Clark 849 views. The Confederates approached Front Royal undetected from southwest on the afternoon of May 23. Front Royal demonstrated Maj. Gen. Thomas J. On May 22nd he linked up with Ewell, and together they pushed north. Confederate cavalry under Col. Turner Ashby confronted Banks near Strasburg, but then withdrew to join the main army, which crossed Massanutten Mountain via New Market Gap to reach Luray, Virginia. Stonewall Moves North The Battle of Front Royal, also known as Guard Hill or Cedarville, was fought May 23, 1862, in Warren County, Virginia, as part of Confederate Army Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Immediately Jackson summoned Col. Bradley Johnson, who commanded the 1st Maryland Infantry (C.S.A. Around 6 p.m. Kenly had to fall back again when Flournoy’s Virginia cavalry started crossing the North Fork. (Submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) "Stonewall" Jackson's Campaign through the Shenandoah Valley during the American Civil War. Bel Air is the fifth stop on the Battle of Front Royal Driving Tour. The victory not only wiped out the Federal outpost – it opened up the possibility of cutting off and destroying the rest of Gen. Nathaniel Banks command at Strasburg. After crossing, he attempted to burn the bridges behind him (Union Sgt. Initially Jackson and Ewell planned to unite at New Market – together their forces would number about 17,000 – then march north on the Valley Pike, striking Banks at Strasburg. “They closed in upon us, literally cutting us up to pieces, the men fighting desperately.”– Union Lt. George W. Thompson, First (USA) Maryland. Warren County Civil War Centennial Commemoration -- Battle of Front Royal, May 19-20, 1962 Battle of Front Royal - Bel Air. According to Pachan, the Union's superior numbers and quality leadership routed the Confederate infantry, and the battle proved a watershed event in the Shenandoah Valley campaign. On May 18th Ewell met with Jackson at Mount Solon, which is southwest of Harrisonburg, to discuss plans for dealing with Banks’s Federals. The Battle of Front Royal, also known as Guard Hill or Cedarville, was fought May 23, 1862, in Warren County, Virginia, as part of Confederate Army Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Town of Front Royal, Virginia. There they held up for several hours, until Taylor’s Louisianans threatened his left flank. As a result, over 690 Union soldiers were captured, with another 82 killed or wounded. Early in the afternoon Col. John R. Kenley's Marylanders were seeking cool relief from the sun's rays when suddenly from the forests emerged long gray lines of men and a deadly explosion of musketry. Battle of Front Royal. On May 21, Stonewall Jackson marched through New Market, then darted east through the New Market Gap in Massanutten Mountain into the Luray Valley. 2:33. Date(s): March-June 1862. Battle of Front Royal. After a brief fight, Flournoy’s troopers devastated Kenly’s command. After some back and forth communication, however – and with help from military advisor General Robert E. Lee – Ewell was allowed to stay with Jackson, with Johnston’s orders now reading, in part: “The objective you have to accomplish is the prevention of the junction of General Banks’s troops with those of General McDowell,” Irwin McDowell was waiting in Fredericksburg with perhaps 30,000 troops, and scheduled to march south in support of Union General George B. McClellan’s campaign against Richmond. Copy of the Marker. Confederate Army of 16,000 under General Stonewall Jackson overwhelmed a Federal outpost of 1,000 under Colonel John R. Kenly. The Confederates approached Front Royal undetected from southwest on the afternoon of May 23. Despite being heavily outnumbered by Jackson’s army, Kenly formed a defensive line on Richardson’s Hill and held back the Confederates for almost two hours. Outcome: Shortly after the Civil War began, Union troops entered Martinsburg, some taking exception to the Confederate flag the Boyds flew from their house. Knowing that, he called on his own 1st Maryland to lead the attack, to be supported by part of General Richard Taylor’s Louisiana Brigade. Jackson returned, but not where expected. When rebel cavalry approached from the west, threatening to cut him off, Kenly was forced to retreat across the South and North Forks of the Shenandoah River. ), and ordered his force to lead the attack. She also published a heavily embellished account of those exploits titled, Belle Boyd in Camp and Prison. Only 150 men escaped. By striking at Front Royal, Jackson would be placing his forces between Banks and McDowell, thus accomplishing his objective. Isabella Maria Boyd, better known as Belle Boyd – or the “Siren in the Shenandoah” - was born on May 9, 1844 in Martinsburg, Virginia, now West Virginia. Following his victory at McDowell on May 8, 1862, Confederate General Stonewall Jackson pursued his defeated foe, Union General Robert Milroy, towards Franklin, Virginia (now West Virginia), then retraced his steps back to McDowell, and finally to Staunton in the Shenandoah Valley. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Front Royal demonstrated Jackson's use of Valley topography and mobility to unite his own forces while dividing those of his enemies. There he re-established a defensive line, anchored by two artillery pieces commanded by Lieutenant Charles Atwell. In 1862, Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson was sent to take command of the forces in Shenandoah Valley since it was an important source of supplies and a possible route for invading the north, including Washington, D.C. Reaching New Market on May 21, 1862, however, Jackson learned that only a small Union garrison held the town of Front Royal, about fifteen miles east of Strasburg, so Jackson determined to cross Massanutten Mountain over the New Market Gap, link up with Ewell in Page County, and from there, march north and overwhelm the 1,100 or so Yankees at Front Royal. More than a year ago. Leaving part of Colonel Turner Ashby’s 7th Virginia Cavalry to press north on the Valley Pike, leading Banks to think the main thrust would come from that direction, Jackson led his command over Massanutten. The Battle of Front Royal, also known as Guard Hill or Cedarville, was fought May 23, 1862, in Warren County, Virginia, as part of Confederate Army Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson 's Campaign through the Shenandoah Valley during the American Civil War. Still faced with Confederates in his front – a force he thought was much larger than it actually was – and a strong enemy presence to the east, he was unsure where the next blow would fall. Jackson’s army inflicted 900 casualties on the Federals, 700 of whom were captured. Banks entering Front Royal by Edwin Forbes Library of Congress Following his victory at McDowell on May 8, 1862, Confederate General Stonewall Jackson pursued his defeated foe, Union General Robert Milroy, towards Franklin, Virginia (now West Virginia), then retraced his steps back to McDowell, and finally to Staunton in the Shenandoah Valley. Front Royal By the end of May, 1862 Union forces under Nathaniel Banks were digging in at Strasburg and preparing for ‘Stonewall’ Jackson’s return down the Valley. clock. On May 23rd, as Jackson’s force approached Front Royal from the south, Confederate cavalry under Colonels Ashby and Thomas Flournoy, which had led the advance, swung west, and crossed the South Fork of the Shenandoah River. As Douglas remembered it, she said: “Go back quick and tell him [Jackson] that the Yankee force is very small…Tell him to charge right down, and he will catch them all.” Douglas and Pendleton thanked her, although the information she brought Jackson already was aware of, and she hurried off, back into town. “We drove them through the town, all the time howling like demons.” – Confederate Capt. Instead, Jackson found a small Federal garrison at Front Royal, at the northern end of the Luray Valley. Belle Boyd was arrested a number of times during the war, once being taken to Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C. Later in the war, she tried to sail to England, but the ship she was on was stopped by the Union blockade. 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