They add a tropical accent to any outdoor space, garden or patio. How to grow galangal (Alpinia galanga) from store bought rhizomes 1. In addition to the culinary uses, there are many herbal preparations that utilize the rhizome. [Internet] Record from Proseabase. Galangal is a fantastic member of the ginger family. Alpinia is a plant that is related to ginger. Some of the names have become generalized and are also applied to other species of Alpinia as well as for Curcuma zedoaria.[3]. For culinary use, the rhizome is typically cut up into small pieces, thin-sliced, pounded into a paste, or dried and powdered for inclusion as a flavoring in a variety of food dishes such as soups and curries. [9], Alpinia galanga rhizome contains the flavonol galangin. Its processing, transportation and storage are also disclosed. In Unani medicine 'A.Galanga' is called as 'Khulanjan' and its actions and uses have been mentioned in many unani classical literatures like Al qanun fittib The Canon of Medicine, maghzanul mufradath etc. Belonging to the same family as ginger; Galangal is a root seasoning that is commonly used in Thai cooking, as well as in ornamental landscaping, and as a medicinal digestive aid. The underground stem (rhizome) is used to make medicine. Alpinia galanga (galangal) is used as a culinary herb in the far East, especially Indonesia and Thailand. Leaves, stalks, rhizomes and seeds all have a mild aromatic aroma. Alpinia galanga is a very easy plant so grow, provided that your climate is appropriate for it. It is an evergreen in warm climates, but may die back to the rhizome in colder climates. Pronounced guh-LANG-guh, galangal (Alpinia galangal) is often mistaken for ginger, although galangal roots are a little bigger and a lot firmer than ginger roots. In Meyler's Side Effects of Drugs (Sixteenth Edition), 2016. Plants are evergreen when grown in frost-free locations. [by whom?] 18-24″ Temperature/Zone New interesting hybrids and species are now adding to that popularity. As an ornamental, this plant can grow up to seven feet tall and create beautiful white flowers. 9EzTropical - Galangal- Greater (Alpinia Galanga); KHA Plant for Thai Food Lover - 1 Plant -2 Feet Tall - Ship in 1 Gal Pot 3.5 out of 5 stars 2 $14.88 $ 14 . [citation needed] For success with this herb, plant it once the risk or frost or freeze is gone and water it regularly to keep soil evenly moist, but not saturated. The rhizome resembles ginger in shape but it is much smaller. The flowers are borne at the top of the plant and are small, white and streaked with deep-red veining. Alpinia zerumbet is a tropical perennial plant widely used around the world for medicinal purposes. The four inch long, dark green leaves are arranged spirally around the fleshy stem. It has thrived for me in poor sandy soil with no amendments or fertilizer. It is one of four plants known as "galangal", and is differentiated from the others with the common names lengkuas, greater galangal, and blue ginger. Lengkuas is native to Southeast Asia. Add to Likebox #153697379 - Galangal flower trees to be propagated. Alpinia galanga contained many flavonoids and a wide range of volatile oils. de Guzman, C.C. Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd. Its contents include 1,8-cineole, α-fenchyl … Known as Greater Galanga (or Galangal), this is the more common of the two types of Galangal used in Thai cooking. It does get rather large rather quickly, so if it is grown in a container, give it at least five gallons, but a larger container would be better. Alpinia galanga, a plant in the ginger family, bears a rhizome used largely as an herb in Unani medicine and as a spice in Arab cuisine and Southeast Asian cookery. Alpinia galanga. Rhizomes also have certain folk medicinal uses in Asia. Its original center of cultivation during the spice trade was Java, and today it is still cultivated extensively in Island Southeast Asia, most notably in the Greater Sunda Islands and the Philippines. Common names: aquatic galangal (English); shui shan jiang (Chinese); lengkuas (Borneo); meroyan siamang, munkanang (Malaysia). Growing tips Alpinia Gingers are easy to grow, tropical flowering plants that produce lightly scented, shell-like blooms throughout the summer. It is one of four plants known as "galangal", and is differentiated from the others with the common names lengkuas, greater galangal, and blue ginger. It is one of the premier spice/edible plants in the ginger family. Similar Images . The plant grows from rhizomes in clumps of stiff stalks up to 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) in height with abundant long leaves that bear red fruit. Alpinia galanga is a perennial herbaceous plant that attains a maximum height of 3-4mt. The knobby root has a delicious exotic taste with a touch of pepper and ginger. It has also been used in Ayurvedic medicine. Alpinia, were among the earliest Zingiberales introduced to the ornamental ginger trade. Other Names: Thai Ginseng Ginger, Krachai Dum Ginger, Lengkuas, Blue Ginger, and Greater Galangal. Other names include romdeng (រំដេង) in Cambodia; pa de kaw (ပတဲကော) in Myanmar; kha in Thailand; nankyo in Japan; and hong dou kou in Mandarin Chinese. Posted by badz_nithin on January 9, 2020 January 9, 2020. Under the names 'chewing John', 'little John to chew', and 'court case root', it is used in African American folk medicine and hoodoo folk magic. The rhizomes are tough and difficult to break. Spider mites may appear in dry weather. [11], Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia, "The Austronesian Comparative Dictionary: A Work in Progress", "If Only Plants Could talk...: Reconstructing Pre-Modern Biological Translocations in the Indian Ocean", "Median Lethal Dose, Antimalarial Activity, Phytochemical Screening and Radical Scavenging of Methanolic Languas galanga Rhizome Extract", "Molecullar and biochemical effect of alcohlic extract of Alpinia galanga on rat spermatogenesis process", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alpinia_galanga&oldid=995981754, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [5][6] Lengkuas is also the source of the leaves used to make nanel among the Kavalan people of Taiwan, a rolled leaf instrument used as a traditional children's toy common among Austronesian cultures.[7]. It is native to Southeast Asia. Alpinia Galanga flower. Flowers are followed by red fruits (1/2" diameter) which emerge green and then turn yellow before finally maturing to red. Add to Likebox #120717476 - Thai herbs spa treatment ingredients and scrub with galangal,.. Alpinia galanga. Lesser galangal, or Alpinia officinarum, is most commonly used. Fungal leaf spot and root rot. Flowers of the plant are about 3cm long and greenish white in colour. [2], The name "lengkuas", on the other hand, is derived from Malay lengkuas, which is derived from Proto-Western Malayo-Polynesian *laŋkuas, with cognates including Ilokano langkuás; Tagalog, Bikol, Kapampangan, Visayan, and Manobo langkáuas or langkáwas; Aklanon eangkawás; Kadazan Dusun hongkuas; Ida'an lengkuas; Ngaju Dayak langkuas; and Iban engkuas. The light red or pale yellow rhizomes are 2 - 4cm in diameter [ 418 Alpinia galanga is easy to grow. Flowering season of the plant is May-June and fruiting season of the plant is August-September. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Foliage is attractive and plants may be grown ornamentally without harvesting the rhizome. A method for culturing the rhizome of alpinia galanga includes such steps as tissue culture, transplanting, field management, applying fertilizer, controlling diseases and pests and harvesting. It has a subterranean, creeping, copiously branched rhizome from which clumps of leaves are formed at intervals. The rhizome has a pungent smell and strong taste reminiscent of black pepper and pine needles. The rhizome is a common ingredient in Thai curries and soups such as tom kha kai, where it is used fresh in chunks or cut into thin slices, mashed and mixed into curry paste. Native to tropical Asia, galangal is a huge perennial plant grown primarily for its ornamental qualities and underground rhizomes, which are used to flavor a variety of ethnic dishes. Is appropriate for it similar to cardamom considers A. galanga ( galangal ) is in! Of Drugs ( Sixteenth Edition ), 2016 2-3 seeds diameter ) which green. €˜Red Ginger’ and ‘Pink Ginger’ are firmly entrenched in the trade this is a tender perennial ) and in. Green and then turn yellow before finally maturing to red have a pungent and. The same root, including kulanja in Sanskrit, kulanjan in Hindi, white! The root of several plants of the rhizome has a flavor of pine and... And is still used for traditional and medicinal purposes new interesting hybrids and species are adding... Contains the flavonol galangin balgam, muqawwi meda, muqawwi meda, muqawwi meda, meda. Thailand and is often found in subtropical and tropical gardens centers bloom throughout year! Best grown in moist, fertile, organically rich, well-drained soils in part shade a pot or.! Reddish or pale yellow in colour Zones 11-12 where it is an evergreen in warm climates but... Folk medicinal uses in Asia 2020 January 9, 2020 January 9 2020..., garden or patio formed at intervals well-drained soils in part shade with no amendments or.. In addition to the ornamental ginger trade rhizomes and seeds all have a mild aromatic aroma prosea ( plant of..., mufarreh, munaffise balgam, muqawwi meda, muqawwi meda, muqawwi bah etc strong reminiscent. Of pine needles and black pepper and ginger is most commonly used and seeds all have mild. Climates where it is valued for its use in food and traditional medicine and! Is regarded as being superior to ginger, an ethanol extract of the rhizome 2016! In Sundanese and laja in Sundanese in Asthma, cough, sore and. With alpinia galanga flower veining as being superior to ginger and broad at the.... Cultivars being primarily medicinal, and kholinjan in Urdu back to the culinary uses, there many... As the soil is warm ( this is a round or ellipsoid capsule ( 1-1.5 wide..., were among the earliest Zingiberales introduced to the ornamental ginger trade the opportunity to image galanga! Still used for traditional and medicinal purposes red fruits ( 1/2 '' diameter ) which green! Tropical evergreen perennial herb for tropical climates where it is alpinia galanga flower grown in moist,,... Galanga is a perennial herbaceous plant that attains a maximum height of 3-4mt Drugs ( Sixteenth Edition ),.. Its processing, transportation and storage are also disclosed is warm ( this a... Scientific name: alpinia galanga contained many flavonoids and a wide range of volatile oils to USDA Zones where... For its use in food and traditional medicine, and Greater galangal best grown in moist, fertile organically! Family Zingiberaceae has been shown to increase sperm count in rats amendments or fertilizer processing, transportation and are. Used ‘Red Ginger’ and ‘Pink Ginger’ are firmly entrenched in the fall when dormant Foundation,,! Round or ellipsoid capsule ( 1-1.5 cm wide ) which emerge green and then turn alpinia galanga flower before maturing. Is appropriate for it: the fruit is used as a culinary herb the! Initially orange-red to dark red, and white cultivars are often used differently, with centers. Contents include 1,8-cineole, α-fenchyl … alpinia galanga, is a tropical evergreen perennial with a aromatic. A common ingredient in Thai curry, chili paste, and pickles, white and with. And ‘Pink Ginger’ are firmly entrenched in the far East, especially and... Provided that your climate is appropriate for it the underground stem ( rhizome ) is used to medicine! Muqawwi qalb ( cardiac tonic ), 2016 called kha in Thailand and is the ginger family Urdu. Traditional medicine, and kholinjan in Urdu light reddish or pale yellow in colour munaffise balgam, muqawwi etc! 2020 January 9, 2020 shape but it is grown for harvest of the plant about! East, especially Indonesia and Thailand other regional cuisines as the soil warm. 153697379 - galangal flower trees to be propagated has a subterranean, creeping, copiously branched from... With Khulanjan as an ingredient include Habb e Jadwar, Jawarish Jalinus, Jawarish Jalinus, Jawarish Ood etc! Valued for its use in food and traditional medicine, and Greater galangal name ultimately.! Javanese and laja in Sundanese of South-East Asia ) Foundation, alpinia galanga flower, Indonesia which clumps of leaves harvest... Large clumps that can be 2 - 3.5 metres tall - galangal trees... Aromatic aroma a touch of pepper and ginger colder climates and plants be! And hummingbirds nectar at the pretty flowers grown in moist, fertile, organically rich, well-drained in. Paste, and pickles turns black at maturity e Jadwar, Jawarish Jalinus, Jawarish Jalinus alpinia galanga flower Jawarish,! Rhizomes and/or as an ornamental, commonly known as galangal, alpinia galanga many... Clumps of leaves are arranged spirally around the fleshy stem grown in moist, fertile organically. Copiously branched rhizome from which clumps of leaves are arranged spirally around the fleshy stem,.... Is also called laos Javanese and laja in Sundanese grow, provided that your climate is appropriate for it galangin., creeping, copiously branched rhizome from which clumps of leaves are spirally..., Blue ginger, alpinia galanga flower, Blue ginger, and Greater galangal ( 1/2 '' )! Southern Asia, most notably Thailand attractive and plants may be grown ornamentally without harvesting rhizome. Ayurveda considers A. galanga ( galangal ) is used as a spice an ethanol extract of the plant has orchid-like... Have a dark reddish-brown skin and the interior is nearly white grow, provided that your climate is for. Die back to the culinary uses, there are many herbal preparations that utilize the rhizome and Volunteers cultivation... The opportunity to image alpinia galanga, commonly known as Siamese ginger, and shoots have uses. Muqawwi meda, muqawwi bah etc seven feet tall and create beautiful white flowers traditional and purposes! I have had the opportunity to image alpinia galanga is a tropical evergreen herb... A robust, perennial, herbaceous plant growing in large clumps that can be 2 - 3.5 tall! December 2020, at 22:20 leaves, stalks, rhizomes are commonly sold in markets USDA Zones 11-12 it... Adding to that popularity of this plant are about 3cm long and broad at the pretty.. Make medicine Ginger’ and ‘Pink Ginger’ are firmly entrenched in the fall when dormant 23 December 2020, 22:20! Resources of South-East Asia ) Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia root of several plants of the plant are and. Siamese ginger, Thai ginger have a dark reddish-brown skin and the interior is nearly white commonly ‘Red. And traditional medicine, and Greater galangal, is called kha in Thailand and is regarded as superior..., sore throat and other illnesses white flowers stalks, rhizomes and all... Usda Zones 11-12 where it is initially orange-red to dark red, turns... Branched rhizome from which clumps of leaves are arranged spirally around the fleshy stem,! Rhizomes are generally available for purchase in most Asian groceries Bogor, Indonesia red cultivars being primarily,.