Huey P. Long Impeachment Hearing Records, 1929, Collection consists of the proceedings of the impeachment hearing of Governor Huey P. Long before the State House of Representatives in Baton Rouge, Louisiana on April 3, 1929. Huey Long began his career as a traveling salesman, displaying a knack for connecting with the common man, a skill he would later apply as a young attorney defending the disadvantaged. "[21], For much of the 20th century, most historians considered Long to be an egalitarian in terms of race; Long historian T. Harry Williams, for instance, wrote that Long was "the first Southern mass leader to leave aside race baiting and appeals to the Southern tradition and the Southern past and address himself to the social and economic problems of the present. In 1928, Huey Long ran again for Louisiana governor, campaigning with the slogan, “Every man a king,” a phrase adopted from populist hero William Jennings Bryan. Writer Robert Penn Warren described him as a "remarkable set of contradictions. News of Huey’s death made worldwide headlines, and an estimated 200,000 mourners attended his funeral. Alvin Olin King King had succeeded Paul N. Cyr as lieutenant governor after Cyr attempted in 1931 to take the oath of office as governor when Long did not leave for Washington, D.C., to assume the U.S. Senate seat to which Long had been elected in 1930. [11], With the rise of fascism in 1930s Europe, many noted parallels to Long. From Washington, Long continued to direct the Louisiana government. Patronage will not change it. No siree!" The following institutions provided invaluable research assistance and materials for the creation of this Web site: the Louisiana Political Museum & Hall of Fame, Winnfield, La. Mussolini [force-fed dissidents] castor oil; I’ll give them Tabasco, and then they’ll like Louisiana.” Then he laughed. Senator and favorite son. This meant that the Democratic Party primary held on this date was the real contest over who would be governor. Two days after the shooting he died in Our Lady of the Lake Sanitarium located across a … His early education was attained in the public schools of his native state. Huey Long first entered politics as the Governor of Louisiana in 1928. Huey’s revolutionary campaign and victory toppled the corrupt political establishment that had ruled since the French. Louisiana — and its politics — would never be the same. Louisiana After Long – The Louisiana Scandals. [14] Even Long's brother Julius claimed that he was "trying to be a Hitler. A bright, inquisitive, and feisty child, he would grow to become the most famous – and audacious - public figure ever produced by the state of Louisiana. Courtesy of Louisiana State Museum. "[17], Life Magazine said "The late Huey P. Long, who knew all the tricks of the dissembling demagogue, was once asked: “Do you think we will ever have Fascism in America?” Said the Kingfish: “Sure, only we’ll call it anti-Fascism.” [18] Several other similar quotes have been credited to Long, but many challenge the validity of these quotes. The only way it can be changed is to make the lives of these people decent and respectable. Blessed with a brilliant mind and photographic memory, Huey Long easily circumvented the many barriers to education in Louisiana and managed to become a lawyer without receiving a single diploma. In 1930, Huey Long was elected as: united states senator. Huey continued to be in effective control of Louisiana after the next gubernatorial election, when he successfully campaigned for Oscar K. Allen, a childhood friend and loyal supporter, who followed Long’s instructions in the governor’s office. "[23] Unlike many other southern demagogues, Long resisted associating himself with the Ku Klux Klan. [8] When asked whether his plan was communist, Long replied: "Communism? Governor Huey P. Long. A New Louisiana – Huey's Long's Legacy When KKK Imperial Wizard Hiram Evans announced plans to campaign against Long in 1934, Long declared "that Imperial bastard will never set foot in Louisiana," threatening that Evans would leave the state with "his toes turned up." He would, however, grow bored of public school, convincing his teacher to advance him to the seventh grade. He's more than a Kaiserreich meme, and has left quite a lasting legacy.Support me on Patreon! That one is Huey Long, governor, governor-senator, and ultimately senator from Louisiana. By 1928, Long had gained enough attention to win the office of the governor of Louisiana by a landslide. The political views of Huey P. Long have presented historians and biographers with some difficulty. Governor. Ken Burns reveals a complex and comprehensive portrait of the man, his politics and the power he so obsessively sought. Look no further than Depression-Era Democratic governor Huey Long, a larger-than-life Louisianan who captured 96% of the vote and revolutionized his state. >. Standard Oil’s legislative allies led an unsuccessful attempt to remove Huey Long from the governorship on a variety of charges, ranging from serious to comical. His fall came not from the triumph of constitutionalism and norms but from the hand of an assassin. He took Washington by storm as the most outspoken U.S. Senator.>, Huey Long launched a vast program of modernization and reform in Louisiana — building roads, bridges and vital infrastructure, providing free public education to children of all races, expanding LSU, expanding voting rights and healthcare, and lowering taxes on the poor majority.>, Huey Long believed that government should protect and uplift its most vulnerable citizens and provide opportunity for everyone, regardless of race or class. "[22] When asked how he would treat blacks if he were to become President, Long responded, "Treat them just the same as anybody else, give them an opportunity to make a living, and to get an education. There has never been a country that put its heel down on the Jews that ever lived afterwards. '"[4] Similarly, in 1935, the New York American accused Long's Share the Wealth program of being "molded in the criminal brains of the leader of the Paris Commune and sanctified in the brains of an oriental fanatic, Nicolai Lenin. He used the office to do some of his most notable work, establishing adult literacy programs that taught hundreds of thousands of citizens to read. One of Huey Long's major promises when he ran for Governor in 1928 was free: Textbooks for school children. The Earl K. Long Gymnasium at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. Born into an impoverished Louisiana family in 1893, Long would go on to set his sights on politics. “I’m Mussolini and Hitler rolled into one. September 10, 2015, was the 80th anniversary of Huey Long's death. Huey Long was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1930, in a race cast as a referendum on his policies as governor. [24] Jeansonne also points out that if Long intended to help black Louisianians with his social program, it seems likely that he would have attempted to engage and enfranchise more black voters so as to secure their political support. On May 22nd, he fired seventy-three New Orleans Dock Board employees. Huey Long's opponents, both during his life and after, often drew connections between him and his ideology and far-left and right political movements, comparing it to everything from European Fascism, Stalinism, and later McCarthyism. Huey Long (1893-1935) was Louisiana's legendary populist Governor, U.S. Many historians also argue that Long's building projects and social reforms helped all of the lower classes in Louisiana, regardless of race. Louisiana State Flag. Except that last thing, about the Jews. Upon his election to Governor of Louisiana Long would achieve his greatest triumphs in his political career but also give rise to some of his greatest critics and make his first major foray into controversy. Long, Huey Pierce, 1893–1935, American ... but he did not take his seat until Jan., 1932, after he had assured the succession as governor of one of his own supporters. Anybody that lets his public policies be mixed up with religious prejudice is a plain God-damned fool." Learn huey long history louisiana with free interactive flashcards. Governor Paul Cyr. Some of our most cherished government institutions — from social security to veterans benefits, student financial aid to public works projects — were causes championed by Huey Long. But when this is said, so far as Negroes are concerned, is done. and later commented "I don't know much about Hitler. Huey Long was poised to run for president in the 1936 election against Franklin Roosevelt as his “Share Our Wealth” program swept the nation. We know not how far America’s first dictator would have risen or what havoc he would have wreaked on America and the world without the timely hand of fate. If nothing else, Huey Long was a fascinating character and one of the most unique politicians in American history. Huey Long was elected Governor of Louisiana in 1928 by the largest margin in the state’s history. The former Louisiana governor Ruffin G. Pleasant, for instance, decried Long as "the 'ultra Socialist' whose views outreached 'Marx, Lenin, and Trotsky. Huey continued to be in effective control of Louisiana after the next gubernatorial election, when he successfully campaigned for Oscar K. Allen, a childhood friend and loyal supporter, who followed Long’s instructions in the governor’s office. Huey Long was born the 7th child to Huey P. Long Sr. and Caledonia Tison, a relatively well off farming family in Winnfield Louisiana. Learn huey long history louisiana with free interactive flashcards. Huey P. Long House (Forest Ave., Shreveport, Louisiana), Huey P. Long House (Laurel St., Shreveport, Louisiana), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Political_views_of_Huey_Long&oldid=994095421, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 02:21. He's more than a Kaiserreich meme, and has left quite a lasting legacy.Support me on Patreon! Lt. >, Huey Long was known as "the Kingfish", a take-charge problem solver who delivered immediate relief to the suffering and powerless. Despite meager formal education, Long passed the state bar examination at age twenty-two and earned a laudable reputation with his legal defense of common folk. Alvin O. Long was revered by the masses as a champion of the common man and demonized by the powerful as a dangerous demagogue. HUEY PIERCE LONG was born in Winnfield, Louisiana on August 30, 1893. Share Our Wealth. Louisiana's Huey Long rose to Governor and U.S. Some of the individual … Huey Long was a fiery and charismatic Louisiana politician who moved up the ranks at a young age. "[7], Despite claims from right-wing opponents, Long's program diverged significantly from Marxist communism. He was hailed as a champion of the poor and reviled as a dictator. Governor Huey P. Long. Additionally, Long's hostile attitude to corporations was not compatible with fascism. They feared that such a scheme was decidedly communist. He was a populist and got things done. H uey P. Long Jr. was born in Winnfield, Louisiana in 1893. But do you think I could get away with niggers voting? They believed his policies both preserved the capitalist enterprise and diverted interest away from their own party. Poised to run for president on his “Share Our Wealth” platform, Long was assassinated in 1935 at the age of 42. [12] Journalist Raymond Gram Swing claimed that Long wished to "Hitlerize America". Hell no! He was hailed as a champion of the poor and reviled as a dictator. A Louisiana physician who operated on Huey Long after he was shot in the Louisiana state capital. It is the nation’s tallest state Capitol, and as its nickname suggests, it was conceived and built by Huey P. Long, the Kingfish, the Louisiana governor who never really left the mansion when he was elected to the U.S. Senate, a politician who had once been so feared than even Franklin D. Roosevelt considered to be one of the two most dangerous men in America. Comte, Natale M. (Aritist) H uey Long rose from ordinary beginnings in Winn Parish to become Louisiana’s most notable politicians. Alvin Olin King. Walter Greaves Cowan and Jack B. McGuire, veteran authorities on the Louisiana political scene, trace the history of the state's leaders from the French and Spanish colonial eras to the present day. Senator on a platform of social reform and justice, all the while employing graft and corruption to get what he wanted. [6] Deflecting such attacks, Long occasionally painted Roosevelt as a communist, once suggesting that Roosevelt "hold the Democratic convention and Communist convention together and save money. Huey's son, Russell B. Long was revered by the masses as a champion of the common man and demonized by the powerful as a dangerous demagogue. Jones, who served as governor from 1940-1944, was the one who finally overthrew the Huey Long dynasty and is credited with restructuring state government into a civil service system which, by the way, was dismantled by Huey’s brother, Earl K. Long, when he became governor in 1948. [19][20] George Sokolsky remembered having asked Long if he was a fascist. Long worked his way through the state Highway Commission, Board of Health, Hospital Board, Conservation Commission and the Orleans Parish Levee Board, replacing all employees who owed their jobs to the prevous administration with his men. Huey's son, Russell B. Jones, who served as governor from 1940-1944, was the one who finally overthrew the Huey Long dynasty and is credited with restructuring state government into a civil service system which, by the way, was dismantled by Huey’s brother, Earl K. Long, when he became governor in 1948. Persecution will not change it. "[2], Long expressed interest in authoritarianism; he was reportedly gripped by the idea that he was the reincarnated ego of Napoleon Bonaparte. [8] They argued that Long's populist rhetoric and antics belied a decidedly anti-labor philosophy; Garlin, for instance, noted that while Long constructed thousands of miles of roads and numerous bridges, the state paid its workers only 30 cents an hour—10 cents less than what the National Recovery Administration called for during the Great Depression. He broke the monopoly on power held by the ruling elite and their corporate backers and transformed Louisiana politics. [27] When black leaders in New Orleans protested that the staff at one of his recently constructed hospitals was entirely white, Long quickly made several positions open to black nurses. ; the Louisiana State Archives; Louisiana State University (LSU) Libraries Special Collections, Baton Rouge; the State Library of Louisiana; and the Louisiana Historical Association. Became the governor of Louisiana after King. Huey P. Long's grave and statue can be seen today directly in front of the Louisiana State Capitol. Here are three things you should know about Huey Long: He served as first the governor and then a senator for Louisiana in the late 1920s and early 1930s. The elected lieutenant governor during the Huey Long gubernatorial administration who quarreled with Long for most of their tenure. He was hailed as a champion of the poor and reviled as a dictator. U.S. General Hugh Johnson described Long as "the Hitler of one of our sovereign states." "[30], "All the King's Men and Man of the Year: Simply Unserious". He died two days later at age 42. Unidentified. Demagogue (n.) a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power. After only 2 years as Louisiana's Governor, Huey became the U.S. In a 1935 interview with black activist Roy Wilkins, Long touted his new egalitarian school system: "My educational system is for blacks and whites. "[28] Trying to strike a balance among differing interpretations of Long's racial views, Wilkins later wrote, "My guess is that Huey ... wouldn't hesitate to throw Negroes to the wolves if it became necessary; neither would he hesitate to carry them along if the good they did him was greater than the harm. His fall came not from the triumph of constitutionalism and norms but from the hand of an assassin. See the rise and fall of the Kingfish Governor of Louisiana. [3], During his lifetime, Long's political philosophy, particularly his Share Our Wealth program, was strongly criticized by more conservative politicians. In light of his outrageous personal behavior, power-mongering, and political corruption, it is easy to understand why. The elected lieutenant governor during the Huey Long gubernatorial administration who quarreled with Long for most of their tenure. Long, known as "Uncle Earl", connected with voters through his folksy demeanor and colorful oratory. This corporation was Huey Long's biggest enemy during his time in power: standard oil. From what I have read; very effective. Louisiana — and its politics — would never be the same. Courtesy of Louisiana Secretary of State. threatening the re-election of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, role of government in a democratic society, Louisiana Political Museum & Hall of Fame, Louisiana State University (LSU) Libraries Special Collections, Baton Rouge. "[24][25] Long never had to address the subject of race in politics. Louisiana's Huey Long rose to Governor and U.S. Huey Long , nicknamed the "Kingfish", is an American politician, serving as a Senator from the State of Louisiana, and is leader of the populist America First Union Party.An outspoken populist, Long is best known for his Share Our Wealth program, and its motto "Every Man A King", that proposes new wealth redistribution measures aimed at revitalizing the working class in America. This, however, was not the case. We know not how far America’s first dictator would have risen or what havoc he would have wreaked on America and the world without the timely hand of fate. Read personal stories about Huey Long or share your own story. Huey Pierce Long, Jr. (August 30, 1893 – September 10, 1935), nicknamed The Kingfish, was an American politician from the state of Louisiana.A Democrat, he was noted for his radical populist policies.He served as Governor of Louisiana from 1928 to 1932 and as a U.S. senator from 1932 to 1935. Choose from 41 different sets of huey long history louisiana flashcards on Quizlet. Huey P. Long in 1935 (Harris & Ewing/Library of Congress) Louisiana’s populist 1930s dictator was shot by his own security guards, not a political opponent D r. … This plan is the only defense this country's got against communism. The New Deal . [22], However, historian Glen Jeansonne argued that Long was "more racist, less unbiased, less principled, and less different from other Louisiana politicians of his time than the [historical] literature implies. Poised to run for president on his “Share Our Wealth” platform, Long was assassinated in 1935 at the age of 42. He was hailed as a champion of the poor and reviled as a dictator. Long also declined to support federal anti-lynching legislation: "Can't do the dead nigra no good. Some of the individual … Long, was elected to the U.S. Senate the same year and went on to become one of the most powerful senators in American history. The 1928 Louisiana gubernatorial election was held on January 17, 1928. He attended local schools, where he was an excellent stu… That one is Huey Long, governor, governor-senator, and ultimately senator from Louisiana. He was a populist and got things done. Despite meager formal education, Long passed the state bar examination at age twenty-two and earned a laudable reputation with his legal defense of common folk. Huey Pierce Long, Jr. (August 30, 1893 - September 10, 1935) was a the thirteenth president of the Confederate States of America. The political views of Huey P. Long have presented historians and biographers with some difficulty. Long was born on 30 August 1893, in Winnfield, Louisiana, the seat of Winn Parish, a rural community in the north-central part of the state. Some of Long's fiercest critics were prominent American communists, such as Sender Garlin and Alexander Bittelman. Governor Huey Long (D., LA) speaks on the issue of wealth inequality. Huey Long was elected Governor of Louisiana in 1928 by the largest margin in the state’s history. In his second run for governor at age 34, Huey's revolutionary campaign toppled the corrupt political establishment that had ruled Louisiana since the French. Long's brother, Earl K. Long, was elected as Governor of Louisiana in 1948. He served for 39 years. King President of the Senate; Long manipulated the system so King would replace him as Governor and prevent Paul Cyr from taking over as Governor. [25] In a 1935 interview, Long explained "A lot of guys would have been politically murdered for what I've been able to do quietly for the niggers. He was hailed as a champion of the poor and reviled as a dictator. An assassin's bullet ended Long's life in 1935, but his followers managed to hold on to the governorship until 1940. Communist writer Sender Garlin labelled him the "personification of the fascist menace in the United States," and noted that his swinging arm gestures were similar to those of Hitler. Huey Long's plan to redistribute the wealth; Every person should be guaranteed at least a $2000 annual income and all income over $1 million would be taxed at 100% percent; advocated for old-age pensions, money for a college education, and veterans benefits . At age 25, Huey Long made a splash in Louisiana politics on the Louisiana Railroad Commission, fighting corporate monopolies and reducing utility rates. Louisiana's Huey Long rose to Governor and U.S. Comte, Natale M. (Aritist) H uey Long rose from ordinary beginnings in Winn Parish to become Louisiana’s most notable politicians. Long's proposed end to poverty by giving every family a minimum income of $5,000 a year. Earl Kemp Long (August 26, 1895 – September 5, 1960) was an American politician and the 45th Governor of Louisiana, serving three nonconsecutive terms. Young Huey was homeschooled by his mother along with his siblings until age eleven where he would attend public school for the first time in 1903. "[9] Long also called his program "the only stop-gap to Communism! A number of black ministers organized Share Our Wealth club chapters. “Fine,” Long told him in a conversation that took place less than a year before he was killed. Huey P. Long Impeachment Hearing Records, 1929, Collection consists of the proceedings of the impeachment hearing of Governor Huey P. Long before the State House of Representatives in Baton Rouge, Louisiana on April 3, 1929. Huey P. Long, governor of Louisiana from 1928-1932 and U.S. senator from 1932-1935, is not remembered by historians as a religious figure. Fear will not change it. In particular, the Share Our Wealth program preserved the concept of private property and also sought to avoid any need for violent revolution. [1] While most say that Louisiana Governor and Senator Huey Long was a populist, little else can be agreed on. D emocrat Oscar “O. Huey Long's political career ended on September 10, 1935 when he: Died after being shot by an assassin. "Did Winston Churchill Say 'The Fascists of the Future Will Call Themselves Anti-Fascists? "[26], Nevertheless, many of Long's efforts did benefit the black community. See the rise and fall of the Kingfish Governor of Louisiana. It was there that his tyrannical characteristics and flamboyant lifestyle became evident to the public. He later studied law at the University of Oklahoma and at Tulane University, was admitted to the bar in 1915, and established a legal career in Winnfield and Shreveport. Long's brother, Earl K. Long, was elected as Governor of Louisiana in 1948. Born, Winnfield, La., August 30, 1893; son of Huey Pierce Long, Sr., and Caledonia Tison. No one will ever hear political opposition out of me when that is done.”, All the King's Men is a fictional story by Robert Penn Warren, who created the character Willie Stark, who loosely resembles Long. Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. noted that "Long's political fantasies had no tensions, no conflicts, except of the most banal kind, no heroism or sacrifice, no compelling myths of class or race or nation. Using a variety of sources, including personal interviews with the recent governors, they describe unforgettable personalities. Long […] During Long's tenure as governor, the number of registered black voters declined. He was impeached in the House but avoided conviction in the Senate. An Anti-Elite Message. In 1934 he began a reorganization of the state, which virtually abolished local government and gave Long the power to appoint all state employees. The 1928 election resulted in the election of Huey … Huey Long was elected Governor of Louisiana in 1928 by the largest margin in the state’s history. American fascist Lawrence Dennis described Long as "the nearest approach to a national fascist leader" in the United States. In 1928, Huey Long ran again for Louisiana governor, campaigning with the slogan, “Every man a king,” a phrase adopted from populist hero William Jennings Bryan. Huey Long's puppet; accused of signing everything put in front of him. As Governor, he used strong-arm tactics to break political gridlock and cut red tape. It is the nation’s tallest state Capitol, and as its nickname suggests, it was conceived and built by Huey P. Long, the Kingfish, the Louisiana governor who never really left the mansion when he was elected to the U.S. Senate, a politician who had once been so feared than even Franklin D. Roosevelt considered to be one of the two most dangerous men in America. Willie was only himself…”, Listen to "Thank God and Huey Long" by Louie Ludwig. He served for 39 years. In the face of entrenched opposition from the old guard, he launched an unprecedented program to build the state’s infrastructure and provide education and economic opportunity to the masses. Senator. Four years after Huey Long's assassination, a wave of political corruption swept Louisiana during the administration of Governor Richard Leche in a dark episode known as "The Louisiana Scandals" … read more. Seymour Weiss president four times their tenure but his followers managed to hold on to set his on... 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